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Transporting oil through pipelines is significantly safer for workers than moving it by train or trucks, a new report says.
Looking at U.S. data, the Fraser Institute found the rate of injury requiring hospitalization is 30 times lower for pipeline workers compared to rail workers.
The injury rate for workers using trucks to move oil is 37 times higher than for pipeline workers.
The risk of a spill is also lower with pipelines, the Canadian public policy think-tank said. On average annually in the U.S., there are 20 spills per billion ton-miles in trucking, two in rail and 0.6 in pipelines.
However, co-author Kenneth P. Green did note pipeline spills can be larger.
Canadian pipeline data showed similar comparisons, the study found.
It says the 10-year average for the frequency of pipeline leaks is "remarkably small" at three leaks per 1,000 km.
The study, Intermodal Safety in the Transport of Oil, was released Tuesday.