Credits: ANDRE FORGET/QMI AGENCY
MONTREAL - The flow of Canadians to the United States is gradually slowing while the influx of Americans is picking up, new data shows.
Canadians living south of the border tend to be retirees while most Americans who come north are workers.
The statistics are found in a study by the Association for Canadian Studies (ACS), made available to QMI Agency.
A total of 20,138 Canadians moved to the U.S. last year, down from a 10-year high of 29,930 in 2005.
The drop coincides with one of the worst recessions in U.S. history.
Meantime, the number of Americans moving north of the 49th parallel has risen significantly, nearly doubling from 5,828 in 2000 to 11,216 in 2008.
ACS director Jack Jedwab tells QMI Agency that the Canadian job market is increasingly more attractive to many Americans.
"The economy isn't as robust in the States and they may see opportunity here in Canada," Jedwab said.
"The dynamics have changed a bit in terms of that movement back and forth."
Canada received 45,015 Americans between 2006 and 2011, up from the 31,915 in the previous six-year period.
The biggest percentage increases of American migrants between 2006 and 2011 were in Montreal (72%) and Edmonton (95%).
Unlike a century ago, when Canadians fled hardship to settle in the United States, the country is now a retirement destination, the ACS study indicates.
Some 27% of Canadians living in the U.S. were over 65 with the oldest living in Florida and Arizona, says the study.
TOP 5 CANADIAN DESTINATIONS FOR AMERICANS - 2001 TO 2011
Toronto - 17,710
Vancouver - 8,790
Montreal - 7,450
Calgary - 4,275
Ottawa - 2,850
TOP 5 AMERICAN DESTINATIONS FOR CANADIANS - 2000 TO 2009 (rounded)
New York - 12,600
Miami/Fort Lauderdale - 9,000
Los Angeles - 7,600
Phoenix - 7,800
Seattle - 7,250
Source: Association for Canadian Studies